Jio Prime Membership Plans, Price and Activation 2017-18

Jio Prime is latest offer from Jio that allows 100 million customers to extend Jio utilities till March 2018. Yes, you read it right, with Jio Prime Membership program now you can extend Jio services till March 2018 that too at a very minimal price (when compared with other vendors). This is an exclusive offer that is announced by Mukesh Ambani on occasion of Jio reaching its target of 100 million active customers across country. In this article we will be discussing about Jio Prime Membership including its price, packs, validity, offers, how to activate, end date etc details.



Jio Prime
Jio Prime
From the very starting Jio has shocked everyone with its unique offers. Be it Jio Welcome Offer or Happy New Year Scheme, company has always managed to gin ample amount of buzz in the market. Be seeing all these rapid action, other telecom companies like BSNL, Idea, Vodafone, Airtel etc have slashed their pack rates to considerable amount.



Jio Prime Unlimited Pack Price, Rates and Benefits

Month
Price (Monthly)
Benefits
March 2017
Rs. 99
Similar to existing
Beyond March 2017
Rs. 303
Similar to existing
This is JIO Prime Rate card from 31st March 2017 to 31st March 2018. With Prime program, all Jio users will be able to continue existing Jio benefits (in terms of 4G data, calls etc) by paying one time fee of Rs. 99 and Rs. 303 for March 2017 and beyond that respectively. As per the officials, users can now enjoy uninterrupted Jio services at nominal price of Rs. 10/day only.

Jio Logo
Jio Logo

How to activate Jio Prime Membership Services for Free

Jio Prime Registrations are open from 1st March 2017 till 31st March 2017 only. All the users who have already joined or will join Jio on or before 31st March 2017 will be able to upgrade their membership to Prime level.



Below are the steps, how to activate Jio Prime Membership on existing Jio number/smartphone:
  • Download and login to MyJio App
  • You can alternatively login at company's official website as well
  • Check for Jio Prime Section
  • Complete the application form and enter the required details
  • Pay the processing fee
  • Enjoy Jio Prime services instantly
You can also start Prime packs of Jio by visiting nearby offline Jio retailer.

At the official launch (you can check details from below video), Mr. Mukesh Ambani discussed all the possibilities that we can see going ahead with Jio panels. It includes high speed internet, very less call drops, flawless performance etc. Check out the video below:

Here are the key highlights from Mr. Amabani's speech:
  • Jio took 170 days to cross the 100 million active customers milestone
  • India has moved to #1 position in terms of internet usage
  • 5.5 crore hours video calls were done on Jio network daily
  • Right from the 1st April, no charges on voice calls, roaming will be there. It is true and valid on blackout days as well
  • Ever since the launch, Jio has seen 7 customers getting added per second
  • Each Jio plan will now be matched with competitors. Not only this, company will try to give up to 20% better plans than the competitors
  • Jio New Year Offer can now be extended till 31st March 2018
Please let us know if you need help at any point.

Nokia 8 Specifications, Price and Launch in India JD.com

Ever since the news about Nokia adopting Android OS has gone viral, we are seeing new rumors and leaks on frequent basis. It all started with 3 smartphones dubbed Nokia Edge, Nokia D1C and Nokia E1. Soon after this we saw some more leaks for Nokia Android phones. Latest one is Nokia 8 smartphone that is assumed to be company's latest flagship model for Android devices. Just before this we have also seen Nokia 6 unveiling in Chines market. Going by the numbers then company have skipped Nokia 7 Smartphone (they might have some other plans for this number in coming days/months).



Here in this article, we will be looking at complete technical specifications of Nokia 8 smartphone including its expected dates of launch in markets like India, Pakistan, China, Sri Lanka etc. We will also be checking at price tags for various markets. Please note that the specs are taken from trusted sources like gsmarena and in case anything else comes from official sources, we will update them here.



Nokia 8 Smartphone
Nokia 8 Smartphone

UPDATE:

Nokia 8 has been listed on JD.com just before 1 week of the official launch. In this article, we will be checking out the details on how to buy Nokia 8 smartphone from JD.com, exact price of Nokia 8 )in China, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and other countries), release date, exact technical specifications, small review and many other similar things. It somewhat came as a shock when people saw Nokia 8 jumping on JD website. Most of the users were waiting for official launch that is scheduled within a week from now. Nokia 8 is listed on JD.com as pre-book (pre-registration) item, however it is hard to confirm the authenticity of the listing by any means.

Nokia 8 Listing
Nokia 8 Listing

Technical Specifications of Nokia 8 Smartphone

Smartphone Name
Nokia 8
Screen
5.7 inches, 1440x2560 pixels 515 ppi screen
OS
Android 7.0 Nougat
Processor
Qualcomm Snapdragon Octa Core, 6 GB RAM, Adreno 540 GPU
Camera
24 MP rear and 12 MP front facing
Storage
64/128 GB models
Connectivity
WiFi, Bluetooth, GPS. NFC, Radio, USB
Battery
Non Removable Li-Ion battery
Price
TBD
Launch Date
TBD



Screen

It houses a fully fledged 5.7 inch Corning Gorilla Glass 5 screen that comes with IPS LCD touchscreen with 16M color support. Everything on such screen is much vivid and liver than other what other rivals are currently using. 1440x2560 pixels resolution with 515 ppi density further makes everything bliss. As far as the screen is concerned then Nokia 8 is going to be a flagship model in every sense.

OS and Processor

Nokia 8 smartphone is based on Android 7.0 Nougat OS with power from a powerful Qualcomm MSM8998 Snapdragon 835 chispet octa core processor. This processor will be logically divided into two units with operating frequencies of 2.45 GHz and 1.9 GHz respectively. 6 GB RAM support will be provided to withhold the processor more strongly. In terms of graphics unit, Adreno 540 GPU is given that can support all kind of heavy graphics related tasks at this configuration.

Camera

24 MP rear and 12 MP front cameras are there. Camera unit of Nokia 8 is installed with many inbuilt features like face detection. dual LED, geo tagging, HDR, Panorama image mode. It can shoot videos at 2160p@30fps, 1080p@30fps configurations.

Memory and Connectivity Options

It will come in 2 memory variants. One will support 64 GB ROM whereas second will come up with 128 GB memory support. All standard connectivity features are embedded inside Nokia 8 (you can refer above specification chart for more details).

Battery

Battery of Nokia 8 smartphone is undisclosed yet. Going by other specifications, we can expect it to be a beast in battery aspect too. Let us assume it to be somewhere around 3500+ mAh that can deliver top notch performance of about 1-3 days of active use. Standby time will be much higher than this.

Price and Launching Dates of Nokia 8 in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanks, China

Price and launching details of Nokia 8 are not announced yet. Most probably it will be launched within the first half of 2017. As far as the price is concerned then it appears to be a strong smartphone that could be priced at high scale. It would be in range $700+ for sure.

{100% Working} Freecharge Coupons, Promo Codes, Freefund, Wallet Offers February 2017

Freecharge is one of India's leading online recharge platform where users can recharge their phones, dish TV cards, data cards, prepaid-postpaid mobile phones and other related stuff. Best part about Freecharge is their unique offers and discounts that are available most of the times and provides huge discounts over all kind of recharges. Freecharge offers reliable services along with attractive offers in terms of Freecharge freefund codes, wallet offers, money transfer etc. Here you will get working and updated Freecharge coupon codes for mobile, dish, smart card, data card etc. Welcome offer for new users is always there that we will discuss in due course of this article.

FreeCharge Promo Codes, Offers
FreeCharge Promo Codes, Offers

UPDATE:

Here are some of the latest workingg Freechage coupons that are active right now:

  • FIRST: Get Rs. 75 cashback on minimum bill payment of Rs. 75. Valid till 13 Feb 2017 and is applicable to new users only. It can be used with credit pr debit card payments.
  • FEB55: Get 100% cashback (max limit is Rs. 55) for new customers.
  • BIJLI: 10% direct cashcak (up to Rs. 100) on minimum Rs. 500 electricity bill payment. Offer ends on 28th February 2017 and applies for Indore & Jamshedpur users.

Freecharge Coupons for Airtel, Reliance, Vodafone, Idea, Tata Docomo, BSNL, Aircel etc

Please find below 100% working Freecharge coupon codes, cash back offers that you can apply before any online recharge through them.


Coupon Code
Offer
Terms and Conditions
TV100
25% Cashback on DTH Recharges
Valid till 31st January 2017. Applicable for first time users only.  Max cashback is Rs. 100
R2H0WAP
Rs. 50 cashback on Rs 100 recharge
No limitations as such. Can be used by Airtel customers  as well
WALLET
5% cashback on adding money to Freecharge Wallet
Max amount can be Rs. 50 only
GRAB250
2% Cashback on all recharges
Max Cashback is Rs. 250 per recharge
R03NR54 
Rs. 50 off on recharge of Rs 100 or more
Valid for new customers only
RJZJHWU
100% cashback
Valid for new users only. Max cashback can be Rs. 50 only
MOVIEFC
Rs. 200 Bookmyshow gift voucher
No limitations as per users
DTH75
Get up to Rs 75max cashback on DTH recharge
Applicable for new customers only
HAPPY50/CB50/DEC50
100% cashback on mob and bill payments
Max cash back in Rs 50
CASHFREE
Get 5% cash back on adding min Rs. 250 to Freecharge wallet
Max.  cashback is Rs. 75
DEC75
Cahback of up to Rs. 75
N/A
TEN
10% cash back on all prepaid recharge
Max Cash back is Rs. 50 and valid twice per user
RUPAY
Get Rs. 50 cashback on adding Rs. 250 to wallet
N/A
NOV50/LUCK
100% cash back
Max cash back Rs. 50. Offer for Rs. 50+ recharge only. Payment through credit/debit card only
TW5
Rs. 25 cash back on min recharge of Rs. 50
Payment through debit/credit card. Account specific offer only
FREERC
RS. 30 -75 cash back on Rs. 25 recharge
Limited to new users only
DTH30
Flat Rs. 30 cashback on min Rs. 300 DTH recharge
Valid on net banking, credit/debit card payment
2FC
2% discount on minimum recharge of Rs. 50/- (max Rs. 250 discount)
Debit/ Credit card transaction
FREERC
Min 30, Max 75 cash back on prepaid recharge of Rs. 25 min
New users only
BILLFREE
Up to 300% cashback on min recharge of Rs. 300/- for DTH recharge or Postpaid, Electricity & GAS , Landline & Metro
N/A
BSNL5
5% cashback for BSNL users.  Max of Rs. 100/- cashback only
Valid twice per user.
NEW55
100% cashback for Rs 55 max recharge
Offer is for new users only
GET50
Add Rs.500/- to Freecharge wallet and get up to 5% cash back in account (max cash back limit is Rs. 50/-)
Allowed once per user
REL75
Rs. 75 direct cash back for recharging Reliance Electricity Bill using Freecharge
N/A
NOV50
100% cash back (max limit Rs. 50)
Valid once per user. Minimum recharge of Rs 50
DTH30
Rs. 30 cashback on DTH recharge
Minimum Rs. 300 recharge
MTNLFC
Flast Rs. 100 off
Offer is for MTNL Mumbai Landline Bill payment. Valid once per user only

Freecharge Rs. 135 Cashback LootHere we have covered a Freecharge Loot where you can get a chance to earn up to Rs. 135 cashback to your FC Wallet account. This works in combination with DEC75 and FCT20 coupons. With this offer you can transfer your FC wallet balance to your bank account also. Check complete details from below link:

Freecharge Freefund Code

At Freecharge, you can also enjoy various freefund codes that will allow you to have multiple discounts on same recharge. Once you add free fund code in your profile, you will get free funds as per the promo code. From time to time, FC is offering freefund codes which can be used anytime without need of physical mobile recharge.

In the above doc/table itself we will keep adding new freefund coupons from time to time. In case you have some free coupons for Freecharge then please share that with rest of us by commenting down below.


Freecharge Wallet Offers

Free wallet offers from Freecharge lets you modify balanace in your wallet. At official website, you can maintain balance in your wallet online. For all the users who are concerned about safety of balance in FC Wallet, let we assure you on that. You can add balance without any hesitation or feeling of getting scammed. We ourselves use to have some balance stored in FC wallet. You will find some exclusive offers that are valid on payment through Freecharge wallet only. This balance comes in handy there. In some cases, you will even see auto balance getting added to wallets (mostly for some schemes or as a reward of loyalty). You can use wallet balance to make payments at other collaborates like Shoppers Stop, McDonalds, Cinepolis, HomeStop, Crosswords, Hypercity and even for E-Rickshaws.

Where to find latest offers on FreeCharge Official Website

Fellow below guide to find latest promo codes, recharge coupons and other utilities directly from FC official website:
  • Visit Official FC website: https://www.freecharge.in/
  • Have a look at top right corner (below Login/Register option)
  • You will get insights of various ongoing offers there
  • Choose the one, login using your credentials and enjoy
This is how you can get exclusive discounts on online recharge through Freecharge. You will get more offers everytime while making transaction during the entire process. You have the option to choose from a wide number of offers that will popup just before proceeding with payment gateway.

About FreeCharge

Freecharge is India's leading online recharge app that provides numerous utilities like recharging prepaid, postpaid mobile phones, data cards, smart TV cards etc. FC Wallet is one of their main utility through which user can pay for other services using virtual cash stored with them (all services mentioned above). They are aiming at millions of merchant (both in organized and unorganized sector) where they can deploy their vision of digital payments ecosystem.

Check out:


Freecharge coupons for airtel

Freecharge freefund code

Freecharge add money offer

Freecharge wallet offers

Free recharge offer

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDSA) FACTS

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan or PMGDSA is one among the largest digital welfare scheme in entire world. PMGDSA is approved by union cabinet on 8th February 2017 and it comes with a mission of delivering all assets by March 2019. In this article, we will be sharing each and every detail related to Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan in India. It will include official budget, how to apply, jobs, what all technologies will be covered, online registration, enrollment centers an many other relevant things.

In last few months we have seen Indian government working real hard towards promoting use of digital technologies all across the country. Be it through demonetization or launch of BHIM App, government has clearly shown its plan towards upcoming trends. Government is clear with their mission and they are doing all whatever possible to achieve this dream. PMGDSA is one among these schemes as well.

 What is Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan and how to Register for it?

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan is a central government scheme that aims at educating Indian rural youth towards use of digital technologies like internet, laptop, smartphones etc. Government is going to build/set coaching centers near to your home (will be setup in most of the rural areas) where basis stuff like sending mail, making online payments, accessing/searching jobs etc will be taught to eligible candidates. This will eventually help Government with cashless initiative.

Things that will be covered under Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan:
  • Basic use of internet
  • Accessing emails
  • Using net banking services
  • Digital cashless payments
  • Job search
These basic things will be covered under this initiate and at the end of the training it will be ensured that each candidate is enough capable to use all above mentioned tasks efficiently.

Ministry of Electronics and IT will be main governing body for this scheme that will work in collaboration with respective state and UT IT departments. It is worth Rs 2,351.38 crore which aims at imparting digital training to apprx 6 crore Indian households. In order to meet the target smoothly, officials have decided to train around 25 lakhs household this financial year which will be followed by 2.75 crore and 3 crore in subsequent years.

Will PMGDSA have any radical impacts?

Well yes! It will surely have rural households to get trained with required digital skills.  It will mainly target the rural houses that don't have a internet connection or anyone among the family haven't used computer services yet (it will cover other rural households as well). It would be interesting to see what all will be covered and what will be the entire schedule.

Is it a training cum job placement program?

No, however people can use the learned skills to get employed with respective industry. However no on spot placements will be provided to candidates. If there will be any changes in placements terms then we will update you here.

Application fee and starting date for Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan

We will update you very soon on this section.

Jio DTH - JIO Set Top Box | Price | Plans and Launch Dates

JIO DTH | JIO DTH Price | How to activate JIO DTH | JIO DTH Packages | jio launch dates in India | Jio sports pack | Jio special pack | cheapest jio dth pack | gold, platinum, daimond JIO dth packages

JIO is going to launch one of most awaited JIO DTH services all across the country. In this article we will be focusing on basic things how to get JIO dth connection, how to install jio set top box, cheapest packages from JIO and lot other things. As the service is yet to be launched officially so we will be speculating most of the things here. Will update with official details once they are live from the officials.



Similar like JIO mobile schemes, their dth services are going to be unique in most of the things. Be it price, quality or any other segment, company will make sure to deliver top notch performance on most of the verticals. It will have unique pricing (most probably the lowest), vibrant picture quality, flexible plans, section for customization, plans as per area and lot more.



Jio DTH
Jio DTH

JIO DTH Plans

Jio Pack Name
Expected Price in INR
JIO DTH Basic Monthly Rental
Rs. 185 – 200
Basic Pack
Rs. 150-300
Sports Pack
Rs.50-100
Kids Pack
Rs. 40-80
Special Pack
depends
Cooking Pack
Up to Rs. 50
Religion Pack
Up to Rs. 50
Silver Pack
Rs. 200+
Gold Pack
Rs. 300+
Diamond Pack
Rs. 350+
Family Pack
Rs. 100-200
South Indian Pack
Rs. 100-300



Jio may start some unique things like free installation and support up to some fixed time, easy to book, different styled dish antenna etc. Jio DTH basic rental may start from Rs 185 which is very basic and cheaper than most of the other key players. If anything like happens then people are surely going to proceed towards JIO dth services in almost no time (similar what they did with mobile services). It might be an alarming time for most of the other key DTH players in country. Jio might launch Free JIO DTH Services as well (exactly what they did with Jio Welcome Offer and happy new year offers).

Jio DTH Set Top Box Installation Price

If you carefully look at other competitors (be it TATA Sky, Reliance Big TV, Videocon, Dish TV etc) then most of the providers are current charging Rs. 1300-1700 setup cost (includes expenses toward set top box, installation and some basic pack subscription). Going with the history, then Jio may come up with slightly lesser installation fee that could amount to somewhere around Rs. 1000 only. It is just an expectation that is derived on basis of past records of the company. Exact price may vary at time of official announcement. We will keep you updated with official prices (whenever it will be announced), so stay tuned.

Jio Logo
Jio Logo
 Will JIO DTH Service come with Welcome Offer Plan?

Market is already excited about how Jio will step into the DTH world, what all plans they will have, what will be pricing and similar things. On top of everything, if they somehow manages to come up with free trial period of 3-6 months (what was the case with JIO SIM) then it will surely be a potential threat to all existing DTH companies in India. Although no one is sure about JIO launching some sort of welcome offer for DTH services but everyone seems to be pretty excited about same. Few more days to go, then we will update you with exact offerings.

JIO DTH Launch Dates in India

It is 2017 and January has passed already. Although no official exact details about launching dates of Jio DTH services in country is available but we can expect it to hit Indian market very soon. Stay tuned for live details.

Download Whaff Rewards App 2017 | Earn $100 Instantly

Whaff Rewards is an interesting Android Application that lets you earn lucrative amounts for completing simple tasks. In this article, we will be cheeking details on how to download and install Whaf Rewards App, Whaff Hacks, Whaff Download, Whaff for PC, Whaff for Android, Whaff Invite Code and other related things. With this wonderful application, user gets the opportunity to earn through multiple ways. It include things like downloading and using other apps through Whaff interface, completing daily/weekly quests, referring friends, daily logins and many other similar things.


Below are the most common ways which can help you with earning money through Whaff, All are legit and quick way to accumulate some cash coins in your account.
  • Downloading other apps which are suggested by Whaff Rewards
  • Daily login
  • Completing various quests
  • Playing games
  • Inviting friends using your referral code
Now let we learn the exact procedure about how to earn first $100 through Whaff Rewards Android App (best applicable for new users only).


How to download, install Whaff Rewards and Earn $100 Instantly

  1. At first, download the Whaff Rewards App available on Play Store
  2. You can download it using apk versions also
  3. Install it like any other normal app
  4. Once installed properly, open it and signup using Facebook Account
  5. Now you will be asked to enter the promo code (invite code)
  6. Enter GG51048 there
  7. $50 will be credited to your account instantly
  8. Now earn another $50 by completing the things that we have mentioned earlier (ways through which you can earn money on Whaff)
This is how you can download, install and earn $100 through simple Whaff application.




Whaff Rewards App Install
Whaff Rewards App Install

How to withdraw money from Whaff App

Whaff Rewards provide multiple ways to en cash your money. It can be done through both digital as well as hard cash form. As of now Whaff Reward allow below withdrawal options:
  • Paypal
  • PSN
  • Google Play Store
  • XBox Live
  • Amazon cash
Through PayPal, you can get it credited to bank account directly. On other mediums, you can use Whaff cash for online shopping, app purchases etc

Whaff Rewards for PC

Whaff Rewards Mod app can be used on PC's too. Old conventional BlueStack method will come handy here. Simply install BluStacks on your PC and install Whaff Rewrds APK through that. Once the installation and other formalities are completed, you will be able to use Whaff directly on your computer.

We hope everything is clear and you are clear with the steps that can earn you first $100 through Whaff Rewards application. Do let us know if anything else is required or you are facing any issues with above tutorial. We will suggest you to use PayPal for getting cash credited to bank account directly (you can otherwise use it for other tasks like Amazon cards, XBox, Play Store Purchases also).

Netflix Login | Free Netflix Account 2017

Searching for Netflix Login and Free Netflix Accounts that really worked in 2017? Well here we will be sharing everything starting from how to create your account with Netflix, how to login, free Netflix Account generator, Tricks/Tips for Netflix and many more related things. Netflix is the another name for entertainment in online arena. It provides one of the biggest data hub for online movies, TV shows, series, sports and what not. It is an American company that came in existence in 1997. In the initial times, it was a simple DVD rental provider company across company. However over the time it has gain massive growth in digital world. Today it has active customers database over many millions (growing on regular basis).


Over Netflix, you can watch all movies, TV Shows, popular series and much more. Netflix App is compatible with all sort of devices starting from Android smartphone, Windows OS, iOS, iPhone, Mac, Computer/PC, Linux (any platform that you can thing of now). Diversified platform capabilities are something that gives it an edge over other competitors. Over the last few years, Netflix has extended its services over 190+ countries across glove. It includes Australia, India, Canada, United Kingdom, Japan etc. As per reports, Netflix has about 70 million active premium account users currently.



Netflix Login Steps

Netflix Login steps are simple and easy. Follow below steps to login to your Netflix account.
  • Sign up to Netflix using official website
  • Confirm your mail and open the link that you received there
  • Now login using your User ID and Password
  • Start exploring the vast world of Netflix
This is how simple you can login and start using Netflix services anytime on your internet connected digital device. In the later part of this article, we will be guiding you with steps about how to get free Netflix premium membership, how to extend it and stuff like that.



Netflix Account Generator 2017

You can get Premium Netflix membership for free for one month legally. Below is the step by step procedure (with images) about how to generate free Netflix Account in 2017.

  1. Visit the official Netflix Page local to your country/region (https://www.netflix.com/)
  2. Visit "Join Free for a Month" option on the homepage
    Netflix Free Account for 1 Month
    Netflix Free Account for 1 Month
  3. You will get the option to select the plan you want to proceed with (Basic, Standard and Premium Plans are there)
    Netflix Plans
    Netflix Plans
  4. Once you select the plan, hit the "Continue" button
  5. Now you will have to create your account by entering email and password
    Netflix Signup
    Netflix Signup
  6. Now enter your credit card details to start the Trial version
  7. Once you enter the card details, do agree to terms and conditions of Netflix and hit the "Start Membership" option
    Netflix Payment Details
    Netflix Payment Details
  8. You can now use all Netflix services for free for one month. Respective amount will be deducted from your account after competition of 1 month
Ways to cancel Netflix Account Membership 2017

As we just said above, you need to cancel the free Netflix membership for avoiding the auto cash deduct from bank account directly. Please follow below steps to cancel your membership with Netflix:
  • Login to your Netflix Account
  • Visit your Account (click your profile image>>Account)
  • Check for "Membership and Billing" tab
  • Use "Cancel Membership" option
Your membership will be cancelled now

Free Netflix Accounts 2017

Here are some of the free working Netflix Accounts for 2017 (collected from other web references):


User Name/Email
Password
mattsirois20@gmail.com
diecast8
tjs1966@gmail.com
danbrown2
LENOZZE@aol.com
macedon1
forshee@oasisband.net    
qwerty7
  
Please let us know if you are finding issues with any of the above Netflix Accounts. You can find many Netflix premium account generator online which offer free accounts for all memberships. Most of them are fake and we do not encourage their use at all.